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What Is Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)?

What Is Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)?

Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a condition that affects circulation (blood flow). It involves the autonomic nervous system (which automatically controls and regulates vital bodily functions) and sympathetic nervous system (which activates the combat or flight response).

POTS is a type of orthostatic intolerance, the development of symptoms that come on when standing up from a reclining position, and that could be relieved by sitting or lying back down. The first symptom of an orthostatic intolerance is lightheadedness, fainting and an uncomfortable, rapid improve in heartbeat.

Heart rate and blood pressure work together to keep the blood flowing at a healthy tempo, it doesn't matter what position the body is in. Folks with POTS can't coordinate the balancing act of blood vessel squeeze and heart rate response. This means the blood pressure can't be kept steady and stable.

Each case of POTS is different. POTS patients may even see signs come and go over a interval of years. In most cases, with adjustments in weight loss plan, medications and physical activity, an individual with POTS will see an improvement in quality of life. And POTS symptoms may subside if an undermendacity cause is found and treated.

There are numerous forms of POTS. The most common are:

Neuropathic POTS: Peripheral denervation (loss of nerve provide) leads to poor blood vessel muscular tissues, particularly within the legs and core body.
Hyperadrenergic POTS: Overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system.
Low blood quantity POTS: Reduced blood volume can lead to POTS. Low blood quantity can cause related signs that will overlap in neuropathic and hyperadrenergic POTS.
Who's at risk for POTS?
The majority of POTS patients are women ages 13-50 years old. About 1 to 3 million folks suffer from POTS within the United States.

Patients could develop POTS after a viral illness, serious infections, medical illness, pregnancy and trauma reminiscent of head injury. The condition may develop as aftermath of a significant illness (especially associated with hospitalization and prolonged immobilization).
POTS may develop in those that have had a recent history of mononucleosis.
People with certain autoimmune conditions equivalent to Sjogren’s syndrome and celiac disease could be at higher risk. Sjogren’s can be evaluated by blood testing, dry eye test, lip biopsy and rheumatology consult. Celiac disease will be tested by means of blood work, gastroenterology consult and if needed biopsies of the small intestines.

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