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What is synthetic leather? Overview of All Newest Leatherette Imitation !!

What is synthetic leather? Overview of All Newest Leatherette Imitation !!

What is synthetic leather? Overview of All Newest Leatherette Imitation !!


Today, we have a lot of materials to choose a fashion item. From excellent leather goods to your newly purchased home, office, car.


The majority of people will think that if buying fashion, buying Genuine leather like cowhide, sheepskin, crocodile skin must be the most preferred choice. However, the high price makes it difficult to reach the majority of consumers. So the race for quality, affordable products that fit the vast majority of consumers have never stopped.


What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


So today, I would like to share with you 1 kind of material with low price, diverse colours, luxurious material is "Synthetic leather."


I. What is synthetic leather?
II. History of synthetic leather?
Vinyl leather
Polyurethane leather
III. How to distinguish synthetic leather
III.1 Heat retention
III.2 Skin surface
III.3 Inner lining
III.4 Reaction with water
III.5 Sniff leather material
III.6 Weight and odour
IV. Pros and cons of synthetic leather
IV.I Advantages
IV.II Disadvantages
V. Products made from synthetic leather
BECAUSE. The primary way of cleaning
VII. Is the application of synthetic leather durable?
VII. I Manufacturing of leather notebooks
VII.II Automobile and interior industry:
VII.III Fashion industry:
VIII. Is PU leather broken?
IX. What is synthetic leather waterproof?
Synthetic leather is also a faux leather material with many other variations such as PU PVC Faux Leather is gradually becoming popular because of several factors and mainly the development of technology. In fact, they have brought almost the same utility as genuine leather while the price is much lower.


The synthetic leather process is formed after a series of complicated processing steps. This is a combination of artificial chemical raw materials through chemical reactions from molecules, plastics, PVC, Polyurethane and other materials made from PVC which are PVC leather fabrics of principal components, polyurethane is Main components of PU leather fabric.


The goal is to create the most realistic leather products. Therefore, synthetic leather is also known as high-quality imitation leather.


However, synthetic leather, PU and PVC leather are hard to distinguish from the original leather in terms of attractiveness and overall appearance. However, it still exists a lot of differences for consumers.


Perhaps you will be surprised to learn that the first leatherette material appeared from the 15th century.


In What is the material , the parasol fabric used in the manufacture of lint for wax was considered the first faux leather product. Over time, taking ideas from this fabric and combining it with several other materials, this fabric has been improved to be stronger and more versatile.


What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


To this day, the popular leatherette material made from polymers is PVC and PU leather. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) leather appears before the PU leather is created by separating the hydrogen molecule in the vinyl group and replacing with the chlorid group. It is then combined with several other chemicals to create a very durable material.


Although manufacturers like PVC leather very much, it doesn't really impress tailors as well as stylists. That's because it's not really authentic and even sticks together in warm weather. Another minus is that it is waterproof.


Also, in terms of environment and health, PVC material emits dioxin, which is dangerous when burnt and uses extremely toxic plastic. PVC leather is no longer used as much as the 1960s and 1970s. What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


However, with the commonly used PU leather, today is more resistant to dirt and very easy to clean. Moreover, it also flies more slowly, even under direct light. In particular, PU also releases less toxic substances into the environment than PVC.


Synthetic leather vinyl has been manufactured in the United States since the 1940s, initially for products such as shoes, automotive interiors and upholstery. In the late 1950s, DuPont and other chemical companies began developing polyurethane products.


Both polyurethane and synthetic vinyl leather are used to make clothing, upholstery and product covers, but each is better for specific applications than others. PU fabric is softer, more flexible and more breathable, so it is more commonly used to create highly abrasive products, such as clothing and upholstery (surfaces in direct contact with the skin). Vinyl is not as breathable as PU, but this is often ideal for products that need to prevent moisture such as book covers or covers for electronics.


Vinyl leather
Vinyl leather is made of two separate composites. The fibres of the leather are constructed from durable polyester. The fibres are then covered with vinyl, made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and plasticizers (phthalic acid). This Vinyl is melted on the surface of the fibres, closes them and creates an almost impermeable surface that remains flexible and supple.


Vinyl skins are easy to clean and maintain. This makes it ideal for situations where cleanliness is a top priority, such as in hospitals and restaurants. Vinyl also does not require any special care. However, Vinyl can become uncomfortably hot if left in the sun. The skin will stick, creating an uncomfortable seating situation. Vinyl can also crack when used for extended periods.


Polyurethane leather
PU is created by covering a backing such as cotton, polyester or rags with a flexible polymer and then treating it to look like animal skin. Polyurethane leather is the most genuine leatherette, you can use your hands to feel the surface and observe with the overall appearance. They are also easier to decorate designs on them. Polyurethane is considered to be better than Vinyl because it does not produce dioxins. PU is made from softer polymers and therefore does not require additional plastic.


After you understand what synthetic leather is, you need to know how to distinguish synthetic leather from other skin types. For those who are interested in leather materials, it is easy to recognize the difference between genuine leather products and products made from synthetic leather. To identify natural or synthetic leather, you need to pay attention to the following points:


What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


Genuine leather: Genuine leather is capable of absorbing heat and retaining heat for a long time, so when wearing a real leather coat, you always feel warm like in the room because the temperature inside the unit decreases very little. The skin made from genuine leather is prevalent in the winter, especially in countries with low temperatures.
Synthetic leather: Synthetic leather is also capable of absorbing heat, but its ability to retain heat is inferior to genuine leather so, after a certain period, synthetic leather jackets are no longer able to keep the body warm when It's been too long outside.
Genuine leather: Genuine leather is natural leather, derived from animals whose skin surface will vary according to the source of them. For example, if the leather is made from cow, the surface is quite smooth, pores Big, and even, the distance between the skin patterns is not equal.
Synthetic leather: Synthetic leather is produced according to a pre-programmed process, so the lines and patterns, patterns on synthetic leather are very uniform in design, distance.


Genuine leather: If you flip the back of real leather, you will see a smooth layer on the back, this layer is used to make suede in some products.
Synthetic leather: Unlike genuine leather, synthetic leather is lined inside with a cloth or any other synthetic material.
If real skin comes into contact with water, it will be absorbed very quickly and become dull, synthetic leather is entirely inert with water.


Another easy way to distinguish between the two types of skin is to smell leather. Compared to genuine leather, imitation leather has a characteristic smell of chemical materials, and it is difficult to eliminate this smell. And of course, people cannot copy the scent of real leather into fake leather so you can always recognize it quickly.


With synthetic leather made from chemical materials, through a series of processing processes to form a product, it is much more substantial and has a specific chemical smell. The object should be relatively light in weight and have a characteristic odour of each animal or be odourless because it has been treated.


1. Appearance


Advances in the development of artificial or synthetic leather have reached a stage where it is hard to tell the difference between the two products after they are manufactured. There are many types of products available covered with original water paint that replicate the feel of genuine leather. Moreover, post-processing like washing makes the material as flexible and supple as you expect, which makes it feel like real leather. Marvel is one of the few companies offering PVC leather fabric with fragrance soaked into the skin that you can hardly tell the difference!


2. Utilities


Advanced scratch resistance and high-performance coatings not only make synthetic imitation eco-friendly, but they also allow them to be extra durable. In the interior, manufacturers have PVC leather fabric by the rub test of real leather. Depending on the application, faux leather can be customized to fit the shape and design better than genuine leather. This is made possible by the different combinations of fabrics that support PVC coating.


3. Maintenance


Genuine leather is often more challenging to maintain, requiring careful care. If you are concerned about stains, scratches, spills and temperature resistance, then PU and PVC leather are Eco Leather, stain-resistant, water-resistant, fire-resistant and also temperature stable. It wipes merely and cleans!


4. Impact on the environment


Some manufacturers ensure that no heavy metals are used and that they comply with the European REACH standards for the raw materials used. They recycle all air, solid and liquid wastes entirely before disposing of. Moreover, artificial leather fights animal cruelty because no animal is harmed in the process of making your product look premium!


5. Costs


Synthetic leather is a much cheaper alternative to genuine leather. Its replacement cost is low and very customizable. A variety of designs and colours are available, and therefore you are not limited to choose.


_ Need to keep PU leather away from heat sources.


_ Durability is worse than real leather.


_ Can peel off the surface if storage is not proper.


Due to the nature of synthetic leather, it is rarely used in fashion products, but they are only used for decoration, sofa or interior decoration. Therefore, when you understand the concept of synthetic leather material, how to distinguish synthetic leather and the reason why synthetic leather is used so much, you should also consider making a choice about leather products. Synthesized or not.


Above is some information about what synthetic leather is, characteristics to distinguish synthetic leather as well as why synthetic leather is used so much in today's life.


One of the biggest mistakes that many people make is to bring a PU leather jacket to a dry cleaner. Because PU leather jackets made from plastic and plastics are exceptionally easy to melt under high temperatures, dry cleaning will certainly damage your shirt.


What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


How easy it is to clean the PU leather jacket you have depends on how dirty it is.


Use a soft, absorbent cloth.


This is a way to clean through with dusty or easily soiled coats.


Preparation: 1 piece of the synthetic fibre cloth, water


Steps to follow:


Step 1: Dip the cloth in water and spin dry.
Step 2: Gently clean the jacket.
Step 3: Hang up to hang or hang to dry.


For dirt that cannot be easily cleaned by wiping with water as above, you need to apply hand washing for the jacket.


Preparation: Warm water; Washing liquid; Small pots and 01 clean cloth.




Step 1: Mix a mixture of warm water and washing water in a small basin.
Step 2: Use a cloth dipped in the mixture and wiped the jacket.
Step 3: Hang up to hang or hang to dry.
Machine wash


Before putting PU leather jacket into the washing machine, you need to check the label carefully.


If the label says that you can only wash your hands (handwash only), be very careful.
If not, you can choose light spin spin level for washing PU leather jackets.
VII. Is the synthetic leather application proper?
Today, people use Pu leather a lot for manufacturing industries.


What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


PU leather notebooks, notebooks with PU leather cover, ... are gorgeous with many different designs and especially comfortable with making leather.


People often use it to wrap the saddle very soft and beautiful. Besides, it is covered with sofa chairs, seat cushions...


Surely people are quite familiar with products made from PU leather such as leather purses, handbags, belts or leather jackets, leather shoes are also made from PU leather. But due to the low ventilation capacity of PU leather, it is not recommended to use leather jackets and shoes


Is PU leather durable?


PU leather is not as durable as genuine leather, and its lifespan is therefore shorter.


VIII. Is PU leather EXPOSED?
A point that many people do not like about PU leather is that it is easy to "explode". Over a long period of use, if genuine leather will form a natural patina layer that makes the skin a unique colour, and the longer you use it, the more PU leather can peel and age.


What is synthetic leather? Overview of all latest leatherette defects !!


"Exploded" skin is a phenomenon in which the skin's surface layers are peeled and broken. The cause of "explosion" of PU leather is because of PU skin in direct sunlight. The plastic molecule that makes PU leather is natural to break under the effect of heat, so new "explosion" marks appear on the leather. However, even if you do not expose your PU leather to the sun, the natural fibres in the PU leather composition will "explode" the leather when they are subjected to heat.

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